Anything that involves prediction, timing is essential, and that implies to day trading as well. The one thing that separates a good trade from a bad one is timing. If your timing is not accurate, you can be “right” and still lose money.
Traders usually do not consider themselves as predictors, because predictors are generally people who continuously try to predict market movement.
Every time they enter a trade expecting to make more money than you put in, they are just predicting. Traders work on considerably shorter time frames than investors, but timing is important nevertheless.
Timing in the stock market is an investment strategy where investors buy and sell stocks depending on predicted price fluctuations. If investors can correctly guess the market’s ups and downs, they can make corresponding investments to turn that market move into profit.
While this is excellent in theory, it is seemingly impossible to make it work consistently. Some investors get lucky every once in a while, but earning regular profit is a pipe dream for most.
What is a Time in Force Order?
The best way for active traders to stay away from the risk of accidentally executing trades is by enforcing time in force orders. Time in force enables traders to set specific parameters, after which they do not have to remember old trades.
It helps them in keeping unintended trade executions away during volatile market conditions when prices keep changing rapidly.
Time in force is a specific instruction set before carrying out a trade to show the duration an order will be active before it is completed or expires. It is a significant order for active traders and enables them to be more specific about the time settings.
Types of Time in Force Orders
There are many different types of time in force orders that active traders can use; some are offered a limited set; in contrast, some use more options. Let us look at a few below:
1. Day Order
Day order refers to directions to buy or sell a security that automatically expires at the end of the day if not executed. The default orders at most brokerage houses are day orders.
A day order is often used combined with a stop or limit order since the investor is looking for a specific trading price point. A day order if not filled in the current trading session, it will be cancelled automatically.
2. Good-Til-Canceled Order (GTC)
Good-Til-Canceled refers to instructions to buy or sell a security at a fixed price. The order will be active until the investor cancels it or is filled. A Good-Til-Canceled order remains active even if it is not filled on the same trading day.
A GTC order may also expire under specific conditions, like the announcement of a stock split or a special dividend.
3. Fill-Or-Kill Orders (FOK)
Fill-or-Kill refers to instructions to buy or sell a security immediately, and altogether, or cancel the order. A Fill-or-Kill order will be active for several seconds before being filled or cancelled.
A partial sale or purchase is not acceptable under FOK. It can only execute if a single transaction can cover all the shares.
4. Immediate-Or-Cancel Orders (IOC)
Immediate-or-Cancel refers to instructions to buy or sell security instantly, or cancel the order. An Immediate-or-Cancel order specifies the instruction remains active for specific seconds before being filled or cancelled.
A partial sale or purchase is acceptable in an Immediate-or-Cancel order, unlike Fill-or-Kill.
Tips for Time in Force Orders
- Time-In-Force orders are those that can only be executed or activated in the market when specific criteria are met. Keeping an eye on the parameters and tracking the time in order enforced is very crucial.
- TIF orders do not guarantee a full or partial execution due to the criteria that must be met. So understanding and executing the appropriate time in force order in the right situation is important.
- Remember that you need to clearly set what you want to occur and under what circumstances you want to take into account long before you enforce a time in force order. Time is of the essence here, so choose the best option that could bring you good returns.
- TIF enables you to keep your investment strategy on track even when you are not paying full attention to the market. You decide the time at which you want to buy and sell, set your parameters, and let your broker do the rest. TIF ensures systematic flow through the trading time period.
- One of the key aspects of Time in Force Orders is that you can adjust all your orders ahead of time in line with your trading strategy without the need to monitor your portfolio continuously.
- When buying stocks online, TIF Orders helps you lock in gains as well as make the most of a favorable market environment. You choose how much profit you would be happy with and sell when it reaches your target.
- It is important to realize that TIF is much more fruitful once you have gained trading experience, this helps you understand the significance of time, and you also develop the skill to manage more than one trade at a time.
To Sum Up!
Although time in force orders may seem complex, you become comfortable as you break down the process into smaller pieces like anything else in stock investing.
Time in Force Orders can be especially useful for handling downside risks and limiting losses in market volatility times. If you are worried about a large price movement downwards, you may consider using a TIF order that will trigger a trade instruction of a specific parameter on your holdings.
TIF Orders will monitor the market for you and tender the order regardless of whether you are logged in or not. Until they trigger, these orders are held until the conditions are met.
Since not all trades can be won, Time in Force enables you with the power to exit an unfavorable position with fewer losses. It will give you a chance to ride the next winning trend.
Time in Force orders gives you peace of mind and will teach you how to look at both wins and losses alike. It will also teach you the art of keeping your emotions in check when trading.